|Members of Iraq's Popular Mobilization Forces (al-Hashad al-Sha'bi)|
Sistani’s call to arms was embraced by large numbers of Iraqis, especially in the Shi a dominated south.A number of new militias were formed and the established militias’ influence grew and attracted many new recruits.Officers from Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) arrived to help the militias fight the Dacish and US military trainers joined the battle as well. Once the Islamic State advance was halted, and the militias were no longer needed, it was expected that the newly established ones would disband and other militia members would be integrated into the Iraqi army.
As demonstrations supporting October revolution have spread in Baghdad and throughout the south of Iraq, the militias have been in the forefront of attacking the peaceful protestors. At the time of this writing, more than 600 demonstrators have been killed and over 24,000 wounded.Many leaders of the protests and democracy activists have been killed, abducted and tortured. To date, not a single militia member accused of killing protestors have been brought to trial.
Abu Mahdi Muhandis, who was accompanying him. Angry demonstrations ensued and the militias mobilized parliamentary members supportive of Iraq to vote on a resolution that US forces immediately leave Iraq.